Australian alumina ban disrupts Rusal production -- Australia's ban on exports of alumina and aluminium ore to Russia, including bauxite, will further disrupt supply chains and production at leading aluminium producer Rusal, consultancy Wood Mackenzie said on Monday.
The Australian government announced the ban on Sunday as part of its ongoing sanctions against Moscow for its aggression in Ukraine, saying Russia relies on it to meet one-fifth of its alumina needs. WoodMac senior manager Uday Patel said in a statement that the ban would make it difficult for Rusal to maintain normal primary aluminum production.
Rusal said it was assessing the impact of Australia's move and would make further announcements if necessary. "It is increasingly likely that UC Rusal's only option for alumina procurement will be through a Chinese entity." The Australian alumina ban has also had an impact on Alloy Inconel718 prices for chemicals. Patel said. "One possible outcome could be Chinese buyers buying alumina and reselling it through eastern Russian ports." Rusal has a 20% stake in the Queensland Alumina Refinery, which has a capacity of 3.95 million tonnes a year, thus providing Rusal with 790,000 tonnes a year, Patel said. In addition, Rusal's Nikolaev refinery in Ukraine, which has an annual capacity of 1.75 million tonnes, has been suspended due to the conflict, he added. WoodMac said Rusal was also experiencing supply chain problems at its 2 million tonne a year Aughinish refinery in Ireland.
What is Nickel-based Super Alloy Inconel718:
Inconel 718 or In718 is a nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy. It is an oxidation-resistant and corrosion-resistant material ideal for use in extreme environments under pressure and heat. In718 was invented in the early 1960s in INCO Huntington Alloys (now Special Metals Co.) and used in turbine parts manufacturing. Since then, In718 has become the most widely used nickel-based superalloy in the history of aero-engines. The unique alloy composition of In718 enables it to have good comprehensive properties, namely high strength, creep resistance, etc. Especially under 650℃, it has good stability in terms of mechanical properties. Many parts of modern aero-engines, such as turbine discs, blades, brakes, shafts, stators, seals, supports, pipes, fasteners, are made of In718.
Properties of Nickel-based Super Alloy Inconel718:
When heated, a thick and stable passivating oxide layer is formed on the surface of the alloy, protecting the surface from further erosion. It exhibits high yield, tensile, and creep fracture properties at high temperatures. Inconel718’s high-temperature strength is developed by solid solution strengthening or precipitation hardening. Inconel718 has good comprehensive properties in the temperature range of -253 ~ 700℃ (1290°F). Its yield strength below 650℃ ranks first among the deformation superalloys. It has good fatigue resistance, radiation resistance, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, and good machining and welding performance. Various complex-shaped parts can be produced with Inconel718, and thus Inconel718 is widely used in aerospace, nuclear energy, petroleum industry, and extrusion die in the above temperature range.
Applications of Nickel-based Super Alloy Inconel718:
Chemical processing;Gas turbine blades, seals, and combustors;High-temperature fasteners;Pressure vessels;Aerospace industry, for constructing heat resistant turbines;Low-temperature storage tanks;Nuclear energy industry;Petroleum industry.
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As the duration of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine grows, its impact on commodities is widening amid the tug-of-war. Recently, European and American sanctions against Russia have been issued one after another. In response, Russia has taken advantage of its role as an important supplier of many energy and commodities, requiring exports of commodities, including energy, grain, metal, and wood, to "unfriendly" countries to be settled in robles. Therefore, it is expected that the price of the Alloy Inconel718 will continue to increase.
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