Sweden is in talks with Turkey on joining NATO and looks forward to strengthening cooperation with Turkey in security and counter-terrorism, Swedish Prime Minister Anders Andersson said recently.
Andersson held a joint press conference with visiting European Council President Michel in Stockholm on the same day. Andersson said Sweden is in dialogue with Turkey on joining the TREATY and looks forward to strengthening bilateral relations with Turkey, including cooperation in the areas of security and counter-terrorism. She said Sweden would study a number of issues raised by Turkey.
Speaking at a news conference, Mr. Michel said he believed the Swedish government was taking positive action and taking the necessary steps to reach a solution.
Sweden and Finland formally submitted their applications to NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg a few days ago. According to protocol, NATO must admit new members by the "unanimous consent" of 30 members.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said His country would agree to start NATO talks with Sweden and Finland only if they reach written agreements to stop supporting terrorism and lift restrictions on exporting defense equipment to Turkey, Turkish media reported.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk AlN powder are still very uncertain.
Aluminum Nitride Research History
Aluminum nitride is a kind of ceramic material with excellent comprehensive performance, and its research can be traced back more than 100 years ago. It was discovered by F. Birgeler and A. Gutter in 1862, and synthesized by J.W. Mallets for the first time in 1877, but there was no practical application in the following 100 years. It was used as fertilizer only as a nitrogen-fixing agent.
Aluminum nitride is a covalent compound with a low self-diffusion coefficient and high melting point, which makes it difficult to sinter. It was not until the 1950s that the first aluminum nitride ceramics were successfully made and used as refractory materials in the smelting of pure iron, aluminum, and aluminum alloys. Since the 1970s, with the deepening of research, the preparation technology of aluminum nitride has become increasingly mature, and its application scope has also been expanding. Especially since the 21st century, with the rapid development of microelectronics technology, electronic machine, and electronic components is toward miniaturization, light-duty, integration, as well as the development direction, such as high reliability and high power output, more and more complex heat dissipation device to the substrate and packaging material put forward higher request, to further promote the vigorous development of the industry of aluminum nitride.
Aluminum Nitride Characteristics
Aluminum nitride (AlN) is a hexagon wurtzite covalent bond compound with lattice parameters A =3.114, C =4.986. Pure aluminum nitride is blue-white, usually gray or off-white, and is a typical iii-ⅴwide bandgap semiconductor material.
Aluminum nitride (AlN) has the characteristics of high strength, high volume resistivity, high insulation and pressure resistance, thermal expansion coefficient, and a good match with silicon, not only used as a sintering agent or strengthening phase of structural ceramics, especially in the field of ceramic electronic substrate and packaging materials in recent years, its performance is far superior to alumina.
Aluminum Nitride Thermal Conductivity Mechanism
Of the series of important properties of aluminum nitride, the most remarkable is its high thermal conductivity. A great deal of research has been done on the thermal conductivity mechanism of aluminum nitride, and a relatively perfect theoretical system has been formed. The main mechanism is heat transfer through lattice or lattice vibration, that is, by lattice wave or thermal wave. The results of quantum mechanics tell us that lattice waves can be treated as the motion of a particle, the phonon. Thermal waves also have wave-particle duality. Thermal phonons transfer heat through mutual restriction and coordination of vibrations among structural elements (atoms, ions, or molecules). If the crystal is a non-elastic body with a perfect structure, the heat can be transferred freely from the hot end of the crystal to the cold end without any interference and scattering, and the thermal conductivity can reach a very high value. The thermal conductivity is mainly controlled by crystal defects and phonon scattering.
The theoretical thermal conductivity of AlN can reach 320W·m-1·K-1, but the actual thermal conductivity of AlN is less than 200W·m-1· k-1 due to impurities and defects in AlN. This is mainly because the structural elements in the crystal cannot have a completely strict uniform distribution, and there are always different sparse and dense regions, so the current-carrying phonons will always be interfered with and scattered in the propagation process.
Aluminum Nitride Price
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Aluminum Nitride Supplier
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